These people had longer or more recent stories of homelessness. Tsai and her colleagues analyzed the housing outcomes of about 30,000 veterans who entered the housing program supported by the Department of Housing and Urban Development and Veterans Affairs (HUD-VASH). More than half of the participants had substance use disorders. These people had a larger history of homelessness or more recent stays in transitional housing or treatment centers, but the study found no difference in housing outcomes between participants with or without substance use disorders after six months in the program.
The results coincided with the results of other studies that show that Housing First is an effective way to get people with substance use disorders to access housing. In states with sufficient housing stock and a small number of homeless people, Housing First can solve the problem of homelessness. Even so, intensive care is needed if the primary cause of a person's homelessness is mental illness, drug addiction, or alcohol abuse (Pearson 200). Homelessness and the criminal justice system are deeply intertwined.
Homeless people are more likely to interact with the judicial system because being forced to live outside can lead to citations or arrests for low-level crimes, such as loitering or sleeping in parks. In addition, people who currently or formerly participate in the judicial system, who are often disconnected from supports and suffer discrimination in housing and work, are more likely to become homeless. Black, indigenous and Latino people are also overrepresented among both groups due to systemic and structural racism in housing, criminal justice, employment and other systems. Under the supervision of a judge, a drug court seeks to harness the coercive power of the criminal justice system to persuade drug-related offenders to receive treatment (U.
The new laws may have eliminated an effective channel through which some homeless people would have been able to access and complete drug treatment). Therefore, primary care providers who work in such centers would only meet the Part 2 program definition if they work in a unit identified within that general health care facility that presents itself as providing and providing a diagnosis, treatment, or referral for alcohol or drug abuse, or if the primary function of the provider is to diagnose, treat, or refer alcohol or drug abuse for treatment and are identified as providers of such services.